Follow this three-step approach to keep asthma symptoms under control and prevent Disturbed sleep caused by shortness of breath, coughing or wheezing. Spirometry tests measure how much air your lungs can hold and how much air . Prevention is always the best strategy. A person with asthma should know what situations trigger coughing and avoid them whenever possible. If coughing or. Cough-variant asthma is treated in the same way that typical asthma is treated.